Geography

Location
Area:
Tanzania covers an area of approximately 945,087 square miles.
Climate:
Tanzania has a tropical climate but has regional variations due to topography. In the highlands, temperatures range between 10 and 20 °C (50 and 68 °F) during cold and hot seasons respectively.
The rest of the country has temperatures rarely falling lower than 20 °C (68 °F). The hottest period extends between November and February (25–31 °C or 77.0–87.8 °F) while the coldest period occurs between May and August (15–20 °C or 59–68 °F).

PRINCIPAL COMMERCIAL CITIES AND TOWNS

DAR ES SALAAM:
Dar es Salaam is the capital of the Dar es Salaam Region and the largest city in all of eastern Africa. After Tanzania became Independence Dar es Salaam was the capital until 1973, when it was moved to Dodoma. However, most of Tanzania’s embassies and government still reside in Dar es Salaam. The city is located on the east coast of Tanzania, set on a natural harbor. The country’s central bank, the Bank of Tanzania and the Dar es Salaam stock exchange are both located in the city, making it financially important.
MWANZA:
Mwanza is the capital of the Mwanza Region of the country. The city is located in the northern part of Tanzania, on the shores of Lake Victoria and is surrounded by vast, rocky hills. Being on the shores of a lake, fishing is a major industry in the city, with five different fish processing plants located here. The city’s major university is the St. Augustine University of Tanzania and it is also host to the Toto African football club that plays in the Tanzanian Premier League.
ARUSHA:
The city is in the northern part of the country and is located on the eastern areas of the Great Rift Valley, sitting on the southern slopes of Mount Meru. The city is the largest manufacturing and financial city in its part of Tanzania. The city receives a great deal of tourist footfall, and it is nearby to many natural areas, including the Ngorongogo Conservation Area, Mount Kilimanjaro, and Arusha National Park, among others.

DODOMA
Dodoma is located in the heart of Tanzania and its central location is the major reason that it was chosen to be the capital in 1973. Despite being the capital city, Dodoma only houses the National Assembly of the country. The city also has two football clubs, Polisi Dodoman and the JKT Ruvu Stars, in the Tanzanian Premier League.
MBEYA
The area around the city is very hilly and covered in shrubs including heather, while the Loleza Mountain is located behind the town. The city is a growing business center and city for the southern area of the country, as well as for the neighboring countries of the Congo, Malawi and Zambia. The city’s main attractions for tourist are focused on wildlife and nature, including the Kitulo and Ruaha National Parks, Lake Nyasa, the Mwalalo Water Falls and one of the world’s largest meteorites, the Mbozi meteorite.